Sri Vadeendra Teertharu

Sri Raghavendra Swamy

Sloka : 
Sanskrit :
वंदारुजनसंदॊहंमंदारतरुसन्निभम् ।
वृंदारकगुरुप्रख्यं वंदॆ वादींद्र दॆशिकम् ॥

Kannada :
ವಂದಾರುಜನಸಂದೋಹಮ್ ಮಂದಾರತರುಸನ್ನಿಭಮ್ |
ವೃಂದಾರಕಗುರುಪ್ರಖ್ಯಂ ವಂದೇ ವಾದೀಂದ್ರದೇಶಿಕಮ್ ||

Telugu :
వందారుజనసందోహమ్ మందారతరుసన్నిభమ్|
వృందారక గురుప్రఖ్యం వందే వాదీంద్రదేశికమ్ ||

HISTORY

Purushottamacharya was the son of Laksminarayanacharya, the poorvashrama son of Sri Gururaja. His son was Srinivasacharya.In keeping with the reputation of his family, he had acquired great scholarship and was conducting classes in the Mutt. Recognising his scholarship and loyalty to the Mutt, Upendratheertha decided that he only was deserving and named him Vadeendratheertha after bestowing sanyasa. By then political turmoil had raised its ugly head in South India. If today one tiny ruler rose to power, tomorrow a new such ruler would conquer him. In the chaos that prevailed, it became an uphill task for religious institutions to enjoy the perpetual possession of the villages gifted by the rulers of yesteryears. If one Palegar was helpful to the possession, another would dispossess. Under the circumstances religious heads had to undertake different tours to protect through their personal influence. Instead of royal patronage forthcoming, anarchy that became the trend played havoc. It had become extremely difficult to defend the honour of the Mutt and pursue the routine of performing poojas and  conducting classes in the face of such adversities. Despite these oddities, the heads of the Mutt did well to defend and nurture their tradition in the bestway possible. From this point of time onwards, what becomes moreand more evident in the documents of the Mutt is getting fresh gifts of lands and villages in addition to recovering those that the Mutt enjoyed for long earlier. When the swamiji began his tour in Tamilnadu, the officer in charge of the administration of a small province there honoured him. Some selfish and greedy people there eyeing the most priceless and gem-studded idol of Vaikunthavasudeva and Kalpavruksha stole the valuables of the Mutt at night. But  owing to the shrewedness of the officials of the Mutt, they were not fully successful. Still those culprits made away with Kalpavruksha. The swamiji set off on his journey with the idols of the Mutt and other valuables in his safe  custody.


Earlier Sri Gururaja leaving Tamilnadu had settled down at Mantralaya bordering North Karnataka. Afterwards Yogeendratheertha again proceeded towards Tamilnadu. The Samsthana that was there since then again proceeded towards north during Vadeendratheertha’s period. But the threat of dacoity, troubles and turmoils which were rampant in Tamilnadu were repulsive. Further some lands and properties of the Mutt at North Karnataka were on the verge of wriggling out of Mutt’s control. Therefore the swamiji came to the surroundings of Ranebennur passing through the state of Mysore. Some affluent Desais and Deshpandes of that region had still remained theists. Influenced by the majesty of the swamiji, they offered him their deep reverence. The Nawab of Savanur gifted to the Mutt some lands at Rettehalli. Nadagouda, the Desai of Havanur gifted estates at village Moraba. Thus making the Mutt richer with new gifts of properties, the swamiji came to Hubli region. The village Kireetagiri which had been gifted to Sri Gururaja had missed the control of the Mutt. Jayavantabhai Venkatappayya Bahadur Desai Paragane again gifted that village to the swamiji in 1734 and had the documents in the name of the Mutt. Thus the swamiji touring places reached Mantralaya. The Mutt was facing the danger of losing control over even Mantralaya. Then the swamiji again had a discussion in this regard with Muzaffarjung Bahadur, the administrator of Adoni and had the documents in respect of the village reconveyed in favour of the Mutt. The Brindavan which Venkannapant had  hastened to ready for Sri Gururaja in the past had remained now as it is which was ordained by Sri Gururaja to be so. None but the superbly cognitive Gururaja knew when a suitable heir to this Brindavan would arrive. Now it appears that the time has come. The swamiji without being disposed to going towards Tamilnadu again stayed on at Mantralaya and reached his heavenly abode on the ninth day of Jyestha Shuddha in Pramodini Samvatsara of 1750 in the sacred place of Sri Gururaja.


The Brindavan which was readied for Sri Gururaja in the past was dedicated to Vadeendratheertha. His Brindavan was installed on  the left side and very near to Sri Gururaja’s Brindavan. The very thing that his Brindavan could be located near Sri Gururaja’s Brindavan speaks volumes for Vadeendra’s greatness. It has already been described how the Brindavan of Sri Gururaja waved in approval of it when Sri Vadeendratheertha submitted urugunastavana, his magnum opus to Sri Gururaja. This itself   demonstrates how great was Sri Gururaja’s blessings on him. As was Sumatheendratheertha, a minister to Gururaja in respect of literary work, Jagannathadasa in respect of the  world of Haridasa literature, so was Vadeendratheertha a minister to Sri Gururaja in respect of miracles in the Brindavan. Even today Vadeendra appears along with Gururaja and graces the devotees in their dreams. Of the  several books written by Sri Vadeendra, the following are the books available.
1. Tattvaprakashika Tippani (Meemamsa Nayadarpana)
2. Tattvodyota Tippani
3. Bhoogola Khagola Vichara
4. Raghavendramathagatharchagathikrama
5. Gurugunastavana
6. Navyadurakthishiksha (written in poorvashrama)
Vadeendratheertha has done yeoman service to Haridasa literature with many compositions in Kannada too. Amongst them, a few Devaranamas are available now.

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